Executive functions

Executive functions play a key role in steering action and play a central role in the successful management of everyday life. They are understood to be metacognitive processes that enable goal-oriented and situation-adapted action and include anticipation, planning and targeted execution of actions as well as their monitoring and inhibition.

Disturbances often occur after damage to the prefrontal cortex, for example as a result of cranial trauma, tumours or brain infarctions.

Why are executive functions an important criterion for neuropsychology?

The term “executive functions” refers to a number of regulatory and control mechanisms that facilitate goal-oriented and situation-appropriate behavior (Drechsler, 2007). Executive functions are regarded as metacognitive processes involved in the anticipation, planning, goaldirected implementation, monitoring and inhibition of actions (Müller & Münte, 2009).

Executive functions are key to successful coping with everyday life. They are based on the intact functioning of the prefrontal cortex and its subcortical connections (Mega & Cummings, 1994).

Disorders of the executive functions therefore frequently occur after damage to the prefrontal cortex, for example as a result of craniocerebral trauma, tumors, cerebral or also after damage to the cerebellum.

Find the suitable test for measuring the executive functions

Discover various tests on the executive functions of SCHUHFRIED.

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