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GECO Perception of hazards and coping test

B. Schützhofer & R. Banse


Measures the perception of hazards, knowledge of specific dangerous situations in traffic as well as handling these situations.

The test is used in the assessment of fitness to drive.


Video-supported dynamic traffic situations are presented from the perspective of a bicyclist, a moped rider, a light motorcyclist, a motorcyclist, and a car driver.

The respondents’ task is to recognize an immediate risk to them.
a) press a certain key as quickly as possible to indicate recognition of the hazard
b) choose the hazard from a set list of hazards that they perceived
c) select the reaction from a set list of possible reactions that they would exhibit in the situation
d) specify which possible reactions would objectively be the best
e) choose from a set list which traffic relevant characteristics they perceived in the video

Test forms

One test form.


The following main variables are scored:

  • Immediate hazard recognition: The ability to recognize accident-relevant hazards.
  • Obtaining an overview: The ability to obtain a good overview of the traffic situations and to find, identify, and remember relevant details.

In addition, the test measures the ability to name hazards correctly, act correctly in the dangerous situation and assess depending on the situation which behavior objectively would have been the best.

Scoring elements

Working time
Confidence interval
Profile analysis
Test protocol
Item analysis protocol
Progress chart
Special diagrammatic representation of results
Personalized Word report
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Test type

Special Ability Tests

Test information

language-free item material
parallel test form
conforms to the Rasch-model
additional device required
high level of test security
wide norm spectrum
test form available for online presentation - open mode
links to CogniPlus
supervisor-supported testing




Approx. 40 minutes.


Norms for ages 15+.

Special features

The videos show real traffic situations from the perspective of multiple traffic participants. The situations are real and therefore have high ecological validity.

Some validation studies are already available.