Measures the various aspects of response inhibition.
The different test forms of INHIB implement four paradigms of response inhibition, enabling detailed assessments to be carried out. The test uses a stop signal paradigm, a go/no-go paradigm, a cued go/no-go paradigm and a behavioral shift paradigm.
Response inhibition is a fundamental requirement for flexible and appropriate behavior and it is considered to be part of the executive functions. Impairments to this ability can be observed in many neurological and psychiatric disorders and have a considerable impact on the sufferer’s ability to engage in everyday activities. INHIB is therefore used in clinical neuropsychology. Response inhibition is distinguished from interference (Stroop test) by the fact that it requires the suppression of a motor response, while the Stroop test involves the control of cognitive interference.